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States are scrambling to put in place new border restrictions as they seek to prevent COVID-19 entering from Victoria after a hotel quarantine worker there tested positive.

It is Australia’s second quarantine breach in less than a week, coming just days after a Western Australian hotel security guard contracted the highly infectious UK strain, forcing greater Perth into lockdown and prompting border closures.

South Australia has decided against closing its border to Victoria, but has ramped up coronavirus testing requirements for anyone who has entered since January 28.

LIVE UPDATES: South Australia to contact Victorians who’ve travelled to the state

SA Premier Steven Marshall this morning announced that anyone who crosses or has crossed into South Australia from Victoria is required to do a PCR test (nasal and throat swab) on days one, five and 12 following their arrival.

They will need to isolate following their first test until receiving a negative result, but not subsequent tests.

In addition, anyone who has been in quarantine in Melbourne’s Grand Hyatt hotel will be required to go into hotel quarantine in South Australia.

Anyone who has visited the list of alert locations and has since travelled to South Australia is being directed to self-isolate and contact SA Health.

“We need to be alert – we don’t need to be alarmed,” Mr Marshall said.

It marks a different approach to that taken with Western Australia, which saw South Australia swiftly impose a hard border lockdown.

Deputy Chief Health Officer Dr Emily Kirkpatrick said that differences between the two states’ hotel quarantine programs, as well as the baseline level of restrictions in the community, had prompted the differing approaches.

READ MORE: Family contacts of infected Australian Open hotel worker test negative

Cars snake around the car park as people wait to be tested in Keysborough in Victoria.

“We know there are many differences between the two hotel quarantine and set up,” Dr Kirkpatrick said.

“Particularly in Victoria, they were having daily saliva testing and also having a frequent nasal PCR regime for testing.”

She added that “excellent” information provided by Victorian health authorities overnight provided additional comfort that they were getting on top of the community transmission.

“We feel very confident they have moved very quickly to undertake contact tracing and testing, putting close contacts into quarantine, and, of course, a long list of locations have been identified.”

Grand Hyatt Hotel in Melbourne

Victoria’s baseline restrictions already in place in the community – including a restriction on the number of workers permitted into office spaces and gathering limits – was also a factor in the decision not to close the border.

South Australia has not detected any new coronavirus cases today, either locally or in its hotel quarantine system, Deputy Chief Health Officer Dr Emily Kirkpatrick has confirmed.

Two of yesterday’s four hotel quarantine cases have been determined to still be active infections and have been moved to the state’s dedicated COVID-19 facility at the Pullman Hotel.

SA Health is currently contacting up to 8000 people who have travelled to South Australia from Victoria since January 28.